A quotient-difference table is a triangular Array of numbers constructed by drawing a sequence of numbers in a horizontal
row and placing a 1 above each. An additional ``1'' is then placed at the beginning and end of the row of 1s, and the value of
rows underneath the original row is then determined by looking at groups of adjacent numbers

and computing

for the elements falling within a triangle formed by the diagonals extended from the first and last ``1,'' as illustrated above.

0s in quotient-difference tables form square ``windows'' which are bordered by Geometric Progressions. Quotient-difference tables eventually yield a row of 0s Iff the starting sequence is defined by a linear Recurrence Relation. For example, continuing the above example generated by the Fibonacci Numbers

and it can be seen that a row of 0s emerges (and furthermore that an attempt to extend the table will result in division by zero). This verifies that the Fibonacci Numbers satisfy a linear recurrence, which is in fact given by the well-known formula

However, construction of a quotient-difference table for the Catalan Numbers, Motzkin Numbers, etc., does not lead to a row of zeros, suggesting that these numbers cannot be generated using a linear recurrence.

**References**

Conway, J. H. and Guy, R. K. In *The Book of Numbers.* New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 85-89, 1996.

© 1996-9

1999-05-25