Geometry is the study of figures in a Space of a given number of dimensions and of a given type. The most common types of geometry are Plane Geometry (dealing with objects like the Line, Circle, Triangle, and Polygon), Solid Geometry (dealing with objects like the Line, Sphere, and Polyhedron), and Spherical Geometry (dealing with objects like the Spherical Triangle and Spherical Polygon).

Historically, the study of geometry proceeds from a small number of accepted truths (Axioms or Postulates), then builds up true statements using a systematic and rigorous step-by-step Proof. However, there is much more to geometry than this relatively dry textbook approach, as evidenced by some of the beautiful and unexpected results of Projective Geometry (not to mention Schubert's powerful but questionable Enumerative Geometry).

Formally, a geometry is defined as a complete locally homogeneous Riemannian Metric. In , the possible geometries are Euclidean planar, hyperbolic planar, and elliptic planar. In , the possible geometries include Euclidean, hyperbolic, and elliptic, but also include five other types.

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© 1996-9

1999-05-25