A Space-Filling Function which maps a 1-D Interval into a 2-D area. Plane-filling functions were thought to be impossible until Hilbert discovered the Hilbert Curve in 1891.

Plane-filling functions are often (imprecisely) defined to be the ``limit'' of an infinite sequence of specified curves which ``fill'' the Plane without ``Holes,'' hence the more popular term Plane-Filling Curve. The term ``plane-filling function'' is preferable to ``Plane-Filling Curve'' because ``curve'' informally connotes ``Graph'' (i.e., range) of some continuous function, but the Graph of a plane-filling function is a solid patch of 2-space with no evidence of the order in which it was traced (and, for a dense set, retraced). Actually, all that is needed to rigorously define a plane-filling function is an arbitrarily refinable correspondence between contiguous subintervals of the domain and contiguous subareas of the range.

True plane-filling functions are not One-to-One. In fact, because they map closed intervals onto closed areas, they
cannot help but overfill, revisiting at least twice a dense subset of the filled area. Thus, every point in the filled
area has *at least* one inverse image.

**References**

Bogomolny, A. ``Plane Filling Curves.'' http://www.cut-the-knot.com/do_you_know/hilbert.html.

Wagon, S. ``A Space-Filling Curve.'' §6.3 in *Mathematica in Action.* New York: W. H. Freeman, pp. 196-209, 1991.

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1999-05-25