An Abelian Variety which is canonically attached to an Algebraic Variety which is the solution to a certain universal problem. The Albanese variety is dual to the Picard Variety.
Hazewinkel, M. (Managing Ed.). Encyclopaedia of Mathematics: An Updated and Annotated Translation
of the Soviet ``Mathematical Encyclopaedia.'' Dordrecht, Netherlands: Reidel, pp. 67-68, 1988.